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A REPORT

ON PRACTICAL TRAINING

TAKEN AT

 BHILAI STEEL PLANT STEEL  AUTHORITY OF INDIA LTD. BHILAI,  CHATISHGAD

Date:- 06-06-2005 to 02-07-2005

  

 

   Submitted To:-                                              Submitted By:-

   Prof. M.R.Baid                                                      Mr.Rahul Godara

   HOD, Mech. Engg.                                                   II B.E. (Mech. Engg.)

                                              J.I.E.T., Jodhpur

 

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

JODHPUR INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

MOGRA, JODHPUR (RAJ.)

 

 

Ore handling plant

OBJECTIVES OF OHP: -     

1.     To reduces interferences of internal traffic movements and to unload raw material.

2.     Blending by making homogenous pile of raw material.

3.     Keeping buffer stock of raw material and their uninterrupted supply.

 

                               THE RAW MATERIAL ARE TRANSFERRED TO CONSUMERS SUCH AS: -

  • Iron ore fines to SP2 & SP3.

  • Iron ore to blast furnace.

  • Low silicon limestone to RMP2 & SMS2.

  • High silicon dolomite to SP2, SP3 & SMS2.

                           EQUIPMENTS                                                    

        PADDLE FEEDER

        WAGON TIPLLER

        PUSHER CAR

        STACKER

        BLENDER BARAL RECLAIMER                                              

        TRANSFER CAR

        EXCAVATOR

        TRAVELING FEED BINS

        TRIPLER CAR

        CRANE (EOT)

        DOZER

        3D EXCAVTOR

 

 

 

Blast furnace

There are 2 main section of the department:

1.     Raw material section

2.     Furnace section

 

Raw material section:

     The raw materials used for the production of pig iron are:

     Coke (fuel), Iron Ore, Sinter (Fe-bearing material), Limestone (Flux) & Mn-Ore and Quartzite (additives).

Furnace Section:

     Blast Furnace is a vertical shaft furnace, enclose in a welded shell, lined with fire-clay bricks of high alumina content.

     The walls of the furnace top are protected by steel refractory lined plates cooling the shaft,

TOP CHARGING EQUIPMENT

The bell type chaging device (exhisting in BF 1,2 & 3) has a big bell, small bell with hoppers, gas seal, and receiving hopper; and receives raw material from an oval shaped receiving hopper. In BF-3 RCU (Rotating Charging Unit) is provided, by means of which charging can be distributed in desired sector inside the furnace BFs. #4,5,6 & 7 are equipped with paul gate, upper sealing valve, lower material gate and lower sealing valve. This system also has a gearbox to operate a rotating chute. The latter distributes the material inside the furnace peripherally in different rings. This facilities better distribution of charge inside the furnace.       

 

CHARGING PROGRAMME: -

 To facilitate smooth working of furnaces, the following charging programme is normally practiced.

          A. Programme COC / COOCC / CCOOC

          B. Programme CCOO

Each charging cycle consist of 3 programmes of A & B exclusively or in combination depending on peripheral conditions. Generally in Bell-less Top Furnace the programme selected is B i.e. CCOO, C=COKE; O=NON-COKE i.e. ore, sinter, Mn ore, lime atone or quartzite.              

 

STOVES

          Form bottom of the furnace the hot blast is blown into the furnace through tuyers with the help of turbo-blowers & hot blast stove.    

Blast of Air reaches as follows:

Cold blast         CB Main         Stoves        HB Main        Bustle pipe         Gooseneck pipe Tuyer stock         Furnace.

 

FLUSHING OF SLAG: TAPPING AND DISPOSAL OF HOT METAL

     The furnace is provided with a tap hole, which is enclosed in a steel cast frame and is cooled by two Tap hole coolers, which have their own supply of water.

     The hot metal is tapped out at an interval of 1-2 hrs depending upon the furnace condition.

     The usual way of opening the tap hole is to drill the tap hole until the skull is reached. Oxygen lancing is carried out melt the skull.

     The hot metal continues to flow down the bend runner form, which it is diverted into individual metal ladles.

At the end of tapping the tap hole is closed with mudgun, which is electrically or hydraulically operated

 

Fleets of 78-iron ladles car are available, out of which normally 48 are in circulation in cases all seven furnace are in operation. 

Source of Raw Materials:

1.     Iron Ore                            .     Dalli, Rajahara Mines  

2.     Lime Stone                        .     Nandini Mines

3.     Manganese                        .     Balaghat Mines

4.     Sinter                                .     Sintering Plants (SP-2, SP-3)

5.     Coke                                 .     Coke Ovens (Coke sorting plants)

6.     Converter Slag                   .     SMS l l

 
Requirements for producing of one ton of Hot Metal

(Specific Consumption)

Iron Ore                                 .     459 Kg

Lime Stone                             .     850 Kg(Depending on Sinter Usage)

Manganese                             .     800 Kg(50% in burden)

Sinter                                     .     35 Kg

Coke                                      .     08 Kg

Converter Slag                         .       30kg

 

WORKERS TAKING OUT

MOLTEN IRON

FROM THE BLAST FURNACE

THIS IRON IS CALLED AS

PIG IRON

 

 

 

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